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Titlep63 expression in solid cell nests of the thyroid: further evidence for a stem cell origin
Author(s)Reis-Filho, Jorge S.
Preto, Ana
Soares, Paula
Ricardo, Sara
Cameselle-Teijeiro, José
Sobrinho-Simões, Manuel
Biomarkers, Tumor
Carcinoembryonic Antigen
Carcinoma, Papillary
DNA-Binding Proteins
Genes, Tumor Suppressor
Immunoenzyme Techniques
Middle Aged
Stem Cells
Thyroid Neoplasms
Transcription Factors
Tumor Suppressor Proteins
Membrane Proteins
ultimobranchial body
Issue dateJan-2003
PublisherNature Publishing Group
JournalModern Pathology
Abstract(s)Solid cell nests of the thyroid are embryonic remnants of endodermal origin that may be difficult to distinguish from squamous metaplasia, metastatic squamous carcinoma, papillary microcarcinoma, medullary carcinoma, and C-cell hyperplasia. These embryonic structures are composed of main cells and C-cells; cystic structures and mixed follicles are sometimes observed intermingled with solid cell nests. Recently, p63, a p53 homologue that is consistently expressed in basal/stem cells of stratified epithelia and plays a major role in triggering the differentiation of some specific cell lineages, has been characterized. We evaluated the immunohistochemical expression of p63, cytokeratins (CAM 5.2, AE1/AE3, 34betaE12, 7, and 20), carcinoembryonic antigen, thyroid transcription factor 1 (TTF-1), thyroglobulin, and calcitonin using the streptavidin-biotin-peroxidase complex technique in 6 bona fide solid cell nests. We observed that main cells of solid cell nests are strongly decorated by p63, while C-cells and all other thyroid structures were consistently negative. Moreover, main cells expressed carcinoembryonic antigen and all cytokeratins but cytokeratin 20 and lacked TTF-1, thyroglobulin and calcitonin. In contrast to this, C-cells of solid cell nests were immunoreactive for calcitonin, CAM 5.2, AE1/AE3, and cytokeratin 7; focal immunoreactivity for TTF-1 was also observed in some C-cells. We conclude that main cells of the solid cell nests display a basal/stem cell phenotype (p63 and basal cytokeratin positivity), whereas C-cells show features of parafollicular differentiation. We conclude, furthermore, that p63 antibodies may help in distinguishing solid cell nests from their mimics.
AccessRestricted access (UMinho)
Appears in Collections:ICVS - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais com Referee

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