Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1822/51405

TitleClarifying changes in student empathy throughout medical school: a scoping review
Author(s)Ferreira-Valente, M. Alexandra
Monteiro, Joana S.
Barbosa, Rita M.
Soares, Ana Paula
Costa, Patrício Soares
Costa, Manuel João
KeywordsEmpathy
Medical education
Undergraduate students
Scoping review
Issue date2017
PublisherSpringer
JournalAdvances in Health Sciences Education
Abstract(s)Despite the increasing awareness of the relevance of empathy in patient care, some findings suggest that medical schools may be contributing to the deterioration of students' empathy. Therefore, it is important to clarify the magnitude and direction of changes in empathy during medical school. We employed a scoping review to elucidate trends in students' empathy changes/differences throughout medical school and examine potential bias associated with research design. The literature published in English, Spanish, Portuguese and French from 2009 to 2016 was searched. Two-hundred and nine potentially relevant citations were identified. Twenty articles met the inclusion criteria. Effect sizes of empathy scores variations were calculated to assess the practical significance of results. Our results demonstrate that scoped studies differed considerably in their design, measures used, sample sizes and results. Most studies (12 out of 20 studies) reported either positive or non-statistically significant changes/differences in empathy regardless of the measure used. The predominant trend in cross-sectional studies (ten out of 13 studies) was of significantly higher empathy scores in later years or of similar empathy scores across years, while most longitudinal studies presented either mixed-results or empathy declines. There was not a generalized international trend in changes in students' empathy throughout medical school. Although statistically significant changes/differences were detected in 13 out of 20 studies, the calculated effect sizes were small in all but two studies, suggesting little practical significance. At the present moment, the literature does not offer clear conclusions relative to changes in student empathy throughout medical school.
TypeArticle
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/1822/51405
DOI10.1007/s10459-016-9704-7
ISSN1382-4996
e-ISSN1573-1677
Publisher versionhttps://link.springer.com/journal/10459
Peer-Reviewedyes
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:ICVS - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais com Referee

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
ferreira_valente_2016_scoping review empathy_authors copy.pdf798,43 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

Partilhe no FacebookPartilhe no TwitterPartilhe no DeliciousPartilhe no LinkedInPartilhe no DiggAdicionar ao Google BookmarksPartilhe no MySpacePartilhe no Orkut
Exporte no formato BibTex mendeley Exporte no formato Endnote Adicione ao seu ORCID