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TitleThe association between stress and mood across the adult lifespan on default mode network
Author(s)Soares, José Miguel Montenegro
Marques, Paulo César Gonçalves
Magalhães, Ricardo José Silva
Santos, Nadine Correia
Sousa, Nuno
Default mode network
Issue date11-Jan-2017
PublisherSpringer-Verlag Berlin
JournalBrain Structure and Function
CitationSoares, J. M., Marques, P., Magalhães, R., Santos, N. C., & Sousa, N. (2017). The association between stress and mood across the adult lifespan on default mode network. Brain Structure and Function, 222(1), 101-112
Abstract(s)Aging of brain structure and function is a complex process characterized by high inter- and intra-individual variability. Such variability may arise from the interaction of multiple factors, including exposure to stressful experience and mood variation, across the lifespan. Using a multimodal neuroimaging and neurocognitive approach, we investigated the association of stress, mood and their interaction, in the structure and function of the default mode network (DMN), both during rest and task-induced deactivation, throughout the adult lifespan. Data confirmed a decreased functional connectivity (FC) and task-induced deactivation of the DMN during the aging process and in subjects with lower mood; on the contrary, an increased FC was observed in subjects with higher perceived stress. Surprisingly, the association of aging with DMN was altered by stress and mood in specific regions. An increased difficulty to deactivate the DMN was noted in older participants with lower mood, contrasting with an increased deactivation in individuals presenting high stress, independently of their mood levels, with aging. Interestingly, this constant interaction across aging was globally most significant in the combination of high stress levels with a more depressed mood state, both during resting state and task-induced deactivations. The present results contribute to characterize the spectrum of FC and deactivation patterns of the DMN, highlighting the crucial association of stress and mood levels, during the adult aging process. These combinatorial approaches may help to understand the heterogeneity of the aging process in brain structure and function and several states that may lead to neuropsychiatric disorders.
Publisher version
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:ICVS - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais com Referee

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