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TitleBenzothienoquinolines : new one-pot synthesis and fluorescence studies of their interaction with DNA and polynucleotides
Author(s)Rodrigues, Ana Rita O.
Carvalho, M. Solange D.
Cardoso, J. André V.
Calhelha, Ricardo C.
Queiroz, Maria João R. P.
Coutinho, Paulo J. G.
Castanheira, Elisabete M. S.
DNA interaction
Docking studies
Issue dateNov-2014
JournalJournal of photochemistry and photobiology A : chemistry
Abstract(s)In this work, we were able to obtain the benzothieno[3,2-b]quinoline 1 and benzothieno[2,3-c]quinoline 2 using a new one-pot procedure from the reaction of the commercially available 3-bromobenzo[b]thiophene-2-carbaldehyde with 2-aminophenylpinacolborane under Suzuki coupling conditions using a stereochemically hindered ligand, 2-(cyclohexylphosphane)biphenyl and Ba(OH)2.8H2O as the base. Fluorescence properties of the benzothieno[3,2-b]quinoline 1 and the benzothieno[2,3-c]quinoline 2 were studied in solvents of different polarity. Both compounds exhibit a solvent sensitive emission, compound 1 being less fluorescent (quantum yield < 0.05) than compound 2 (quantum yield between 0.04 and 0.10). The interaction of these compounds with salmon sperm DNA and synthetic double-stranded heteropolynucleotides, poly(dA–dT)•(dA–dT) and poly(dG–dC)•(dG–dC), was studied using spectroscopic methods, allowing the determination of the intrinsic binding constants and binding site sizes. The interaction of both compounds is stronger with adenine-thymine (A-T) base pairs. Compound 1 is the most intercalative in salmon sperm DNA (47%) and polynucleotides (46%-49% of intercalated molecules), while for compound 2, 41% is intercalated in salmon sperm DNA and only 8% in poly(dG–dC)•(dG–dC). Docking studies indicate that compound 1 interacts more strongly with DNA than compound 2, with a significant value of binding free energy in the case of intercalation. Minor groove binding is also very favorable and, probably, both mechanisms occur with a preponderance of intercalation in the case of compound 1. Overall, these results indicate that both benzothienoquinolines interact with nucleic acids by both intercalation and groove binding.
DescriptionRevised version. "Available online 10 August 2014"
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CDF - FAMO - Artigos/Papers (with refereeing)
CDQuim - Artigos (Papers)

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