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TitleEmpathy of medical students and personality : evidences from the five factor model
Author(s)Magalhães, Eunice
Costa, Manuel João
Costa, Patrício Soares
KeywordsPersonality of medical students
Empathy cross-sectional studies
Undergraduate Medical Education
Issue dateOct-2012
PublisherInforma Healthcare
JournalMedical Teacher
Abstract(s)The main aim of this study was to test hypothetical associations between personality dimensions and empathy scores in medical students. The Portuguese version of NEO-FFI was administered in order to characterize participants in terms of five personality traits: Neuroticism, Extraversion, Agreeableness, Openness to Experience and Conscientiousness. Self-reported empathy measures were obtained with the Portuguese version of the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy (JSPE-spv), a Likert-type questionnaire specifically developed for administration in health sciences settings that measures domains such as compassionate care and perspective taking. Correlation analysis, multivariate analysis of covariance and logistic regression analysis were conducted. The results confirmed positive associations between agreeableness, openness to experience and empathy and did not support our hypothesis of negative associations between neuroticism and empathy. It is suggested that that the personality of students should be taken into account in programs to enhance empathy in undergraduate medical education.
Publisher version
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:ICVS - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais com Referee

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