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TitleThe "Planning Health in School” programme (PHS-pro) to improve healthy eating and physical activity: design, methodology, and process evaluation
Author(s)Vieira, Margarida
Carvalho, Graça S.
KeywordsSchool health promotion
Obesity prevention
Transtheoretical model
Participatory method approach
health promotion
school-based intervention
Issue date2023
CitationVieira, M. & Carvalho, G.S. (2023) The “Planning Health in School” Programme (PHS-pro) to Improve Healthy Eating and Physical Activity: Design, Methodology, and Process Evaluation. Nutrients, 15, 4543.
Abstract(s)Few interventions have successfully promoted healthy eating and active living among children with effective changes in anthropometric health outcomes. Well-designed interventions involving multiple strategies to convert the knowledge already available into action are needed for preventing childhood obesity. In this study, an educational programme called “Planning Health in School” (PHS-pro) was designed, implemented and evaluated to contribute to the prevention of obesity in childhood. The PHS-pro aimed at improving the eating behaviours and lifestyles of Portuguese grade-6 children towards healthier nutritional status. This paper describes and evaluates the PHS-pro concerning: (i) the research design within the theoretical framework grounded on “The Transtheoretical Model” and the stages of change; (ii) the educational components and the application of the participatory methodology to engage children to meet their needs, as active participants in their change process; and (iii) the process evaluation of the intervention. The implementation of the PHS-pro took into account the views and inputs of the participants for evaluating the educational components that should be considered in the designing of interventions aiming to be effective strategies. From the health promotion perspective, this study is important because it examines new approaches and pathways to effectively prevent overweight and obesity in children.
Publisher version
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CIEC - Artigos (Papers)

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