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TitleNanoencapsulation of quercetin into bio-based nanostructures obtained from assembling of α-lactalbumin and lysozyme
Author(s)Monteiro, Adenilson A.
Monteiro, Marcia R.
Ramos, Óscar L.
Pereira, Ricardo
Malcata, F. X.
Teixeira, J. A.
Teixeira, Álvaro V.
Oliveira, Eduardo B.
Coimbra, Jane Sélia dos Reis
Vicente, A. A.
Bio-based materials
Functional foods
Health benefits
Issue date15-Oct-2014
CitationMonteiro, A. A.; Monteiro, M. R.; Ramos, Óscar L.; Pereira, R. N.; Malcata, F. X.; Teixeira, José A.; Teixeira, Á. V.; Oliveira, E. B.; Coimbra, J. S.; Vicente, A. A., Nanoencapsulation of quercetin into bio-based nanostructures obtained from assembling of α-lactalbumin and lysozyme. 1st Congress on Food Structure Design. No. 4365, Porto, Portugal, 15-17 Oct, 67-682014. ISBN: 978-989-97478-5-2
Abstract(s)Nanotechnology possesses an intrinsic potential to produce new food ingredients and innovative products, with considerable benefits to human health. This can be attained via development of innovative structures for application in functional foods. In recent years, consumption of foods providing health benefits has risen chiefly as a result of significant investments from the food industry and widening consumer awareness in this field. Polyphenols constitute one such functional ingredient: it entails a large group of plant metabolites with a large spectrum of recognized biological activities in humans. Quercetin is, in particular, one of the most representative compounds of the flavonoid family; it has been assigned a wide range of health benefits, including anti-inflammatory agent, cancer prevention, DNA protection agent, antioxidant and cardio-protective agent. However, its bioavailability is low, so limited biological effects may be noticed arising from its poor solubility, gastrointestinal instability and low uptake rate through the gastrointestinal tract. A possible solution to overcome such limitations is nanoencapsulation of quercetin. Therefore, our study was aimed at encapsulating quercetin into bio-based nanostructures obtained from assembling of α-lactalbumin (α-La) and lysozyme (Lys), as promoted by heating at 75 oC for 15 min, at pH 11; evaluation of their association efficiency was performed. Such nanostructures were prepared via solubilization of 2 mg mL-1 of Lys and α-La powders in water, at a molar ratio of 1:0.54, and were extensively characterized by dynamic light scattering (for particle size, polydispersity and zeta potential) and transmission electron microscopy (for microstructure and morphology). Quercetin has been successfully encapsulated into protein nanostructures above 50% efficiency. These nanostructures exhibited spherical morphology, with average size below 100 nm and zeta potential around -35 mV. Our results suggest that quercetin encapsulated in such proteinaceous nanostructures may be used for manufacture of functional foods.
Publisher version
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CEB - Resumos em Livros de Atas / Abstracts in Proceedings

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