Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/1822/86545

TitleTerahertz array beamforming using low-voltage graphene-modulators
Author(s)Silva, Rui Guilherme Coelho
Mendes, P. M.
Keywordsantenna arrays
beamforming
graphene
nano-devices
THz measurements
Issue date22-Sep-2023
Abstract(s)The terahertz band (0.1-10 THz) is a vastly un-used segment of the spectrum, set to be used by future 6G communications, for its super high transmission speeds. Not only that, but radiation in the below infra-red band is also finding more uses in various applications, such as sensing and medical, where THz may enable innovative solutions. However, technology for this part of the spectrum is still in its infant stages of development. From emitters, to re-ceivers, signal generators, antennas, the devices aren’t yet matured or even realized. In this work we present a 4x2 antenna array, whose diagram is controlled via graphene modulators, designed having in mind a fabrication process available for 8 inch wafers. Chemical potentials of 0.1 to 0.4 eV are used, which corresponds to maximum bias tensions of 5 V, that should be more easily implemented with conventional electronics. This allows a comprehensive dia-gram control, reaching 360 degrees of reach in Phi, and at least 15 degrees in theta (Figure 1). Theoretically, a plasmonic array with graphene modulators could use graphene radiators to achieve incredible size reduction. In practice, graphene will not have enough efficiency to serve as a useful radiator, and metallic radiators should serve as the main emitting elements (Figure 2). This means a compromise between array dimensions and radiation efficiency, as the metallic elements do not support the plas-monic phenomenon at 1 THz. Additionally, graphene on-chip electronics implementation in the micro and nanometer range presents sev-eral other challenges. Adding additional gra-phene elements besides the modulators may also not be feasible with current available fabri-cation processes and measuring capabilities, or even in a functional sense. Some planned-for-fabrication devices are pre-sented. Their architecture was designed to facil-itate measurements in probe-less THz meas-urement ranges. The fabrication masks are ready, and the devices should be relatively sim-ple to fabricate.
TypeOral presentation
URIhttps://hdl.handle.net/1822/86545
Peer-Reviewedyes
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CMEMS - Resumos em livros de actas / Abstracts in proceedings

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