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TitleThe challenge of long-distance over-the-air wireless links in the ocean: a survey on water-to-water and water-to-land miot communication
Author(s)Dinis, Hugo Daniel Costa
Rocha, João
Matos, Tiago André Rodrigues de
Gonçalves, L. M.
Martins, Marcos Silva
Keywordswireless communications
Maritime Internet of Things
environmental monitoring
wireless sensor networks
Issue date24-Jun-2022
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
JournalApplied Sciences
CitationDinis, H.; Rocha, J.; Matos, T.; Gonçalves, L.M.; Martins, M. The Challenge of Long-Distance Over-the-Air Wireless Links in the Ocean: A Survey on Water-to-Water and Water-to-Land MIoT Communication. Appl. Sci. 2022, 12, 6439.
Abstract(s)Robust wireless communication networks are a cornerstone of the modern world, allowing data to be transferred quickly and reliably. Establishing such a network at sea, a Maritime Internet of Things (MIoT), would enhance services related to safety and security at sea, environmental protection, and research. However, given the remote and harsh nature of the sea, installing robust wireless communication networks with adequate data rates and low cost is a difficult endeavor. This paper reviews recent MIoT systems developed and deployed by researchers and engineers over the past few years. It contains an analysis of short-range and long-range over-the-air radio-frequency wireless communication protocols and the synergy between these two in the pursuit of an MIoT. The goal of this paper is to serve as a go-to guide for engineers and researchers that need to implement a wireless sensor network at sea. The selection criterion for the papers included in this review was that the implemented wireless communication networks were tested in a real-world scenario.
Publisher version
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:BUM - MDPI

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