Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/1822/76482

TitleBlockchain and Internet of Things for electrical energy decentralization: a review and system architecture
Author(s)Casquiço, Manuel
Mataloto, Bruno
Ferreira, João C.
Monteiro, Vítor Duarte Fernandes
Afonso, João L.
Afonso, José A.
KeywordsInternet of Things
Blockchain
Smart contract
Energy decentralization
Prosumer
Issue date1-Dec-2021
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
JournalEnergies
CitationCasquiço, M.; Mataloto, B.; Ferreira, J.C.; Monteiro, V.; Afonso, J.L.; Afonso, J.A. Blockchain and Internet of Things for Electrical Energy Decentralization: A Review and System Architecture. Energies 2021, 14, 8043. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14238043
Abstract(s)The decentralization in the electrical power grids has gained increasing importance, especially in the last two decades, since transmission system operators (TSO), distribution system operators (DSO) and consumers are more aware of energy efficiency and energy sustainability issues. Therefore, globally, due to the introduction of energy production technologies near the consumers, in residential and industrial sectors, new scenarios of distributed energy resources (DER) are emerging. In order to guarantee an adequate power management in the electrical power grids, incorporating producers, consumers and producers-consumers (prosumers) together, it is important to adopt intelligent systems and platforms that allow the provision of information on energy consumption and production in real time, as well as for obtaining a fair price for the sale and purchase of energy. In this paper, we analyze the literature to identify the appropriate solutions to implement a decentralized electrical power grid based on sensors, blockchain and smart contracts, evaluating the current state of the art and pilot projects already in place. We also discuss a proposal for a power grid model, with renewable energy production, combining Internet of Things, blockchain and smart contracts.
TypeArticle
URIhttps://hdl.handle.net/1822/76482
DOI10.3390/en14238043
ISSN1996-1073
Publisher versionhttps://www.mdpi.com/1996-1073/14/23/8043
Peer-Reviewedyes
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:BUM - MDPI

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