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TitleMesenchymal stem cells empowering tendon regenerative therapies
Author(s)Costa-Almeida, Raquel
Calejo, Isabel
Gomes, Manuela E.
Keywordsadipose-derived stem cells
bone marrow derived stem cells
cellular communication
Extracellular matrix
tendon healing
tendon stem
progenitor cells
Tendon stem/progenitor cells
Issue date19-Jun-2019
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
CitationCosta-Almeida, R.; Calejo, I.; Gomes, M.E. Mesenchymal Stem Cells Empowering Tendon Regenerative Therapies. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 3002.
Abstract(s)Tendon tissues have limited healing capacity. The incidence of tendon injuries and the unsatisfactory functional outcomes of tendon repair are driving the search for alternative therapeutic approaches envisioning tendon regeneration. Cellular therapies aim at delivering adequate, regeneration-competent cell types to the injured tendon and toward ultimately promoting its reconstruction and recovery of functionality. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) either obtained from tendons or from non-tendon sources, like bone marrow (BM-MSCs) or adipose tissue (ASCs), have been receiving increasing attention over the years toward enhancing tendon healing. Evidences from in vitro and in vivo studies suggest MSCs can contribute to accelerate and improve the quality of tendon healing. Nonetheless, the exact mechanisms underlying these repair events are yet to be fully elucidated. This review provides an overview of the main challenges in the field of cell-based regenerative therapies, discussing the role of MSCs in boosting tendon regeneration, particularly through their capacity to enhance the tenogenic properties of tendon resident cells.
Publisher version
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:3B’s - Artigos em revistas/Papers in scientific journals

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