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dc.contributor.authorJosé, V. A.por
dc.contributor.authorFraguas, J.por
dc.contributor.authorNovoa-Carballal, R.por
dc.contributor.authorReis, R. L.por
dc.contributor.authorAntelo, Luis, T.por
dc.contributor.authorPérez-Martín, R. I.por
dc.contributor.authorValcarcel, J.por
dc.identifier.citationJosé V. A., Fraguas J., Novoa-Carballal R., Reis R. L., Antelo Luis T., Pérez-Martín R. I., Valcarcel J. Isolation and Chemical Characterization of Chondroitin Sulfate from Cartilage By-Products of Blackmouth Catshark (Galeus melastomus), Marine Drugs, Vol. 16, Issue 10, pp. 344, doi: 10.3390/md16100344, 2018.por
dc.description.abstractChondroitin sulfate (CS) is a glycosaminoglycan actively researched for pharmaceutical, nutraceutical and tissue engineering applications. CS extracted from marine animals displays different features from common terrestrial sources, resulting in distinct properties, such as anti-viral and anti-metastatic. Therefore, exploration of undescribed marine species holds potential to expand thepossibilitiesofcurrently-knownCS.Accordingly,wehavestudiedforthefirsttimetheproduction and characterization of CS from blackmouth catshark (Galeusmelastomus), a shark species commonly discarded as by-catch. The process of CS purification consists of cartilage hydrolysis with alcalase, followed by two different chemical treatments and ending with membrane purification. All steps were optimized by response surface methodology. According to this, the best conditions for cartilage proteolysis were established at 52.9 ◦C and pH = 7.31. Subsequent purification by either alkaline treatment or hydroalcoholic alkaline precipitation yielded CS with purities of 81.2%, 82.3% and 97.4% respectively, after 30-kDa membrane separation. The molecular weight of CS obtained ranges 53–66 kDa, depending on the conditions. Sulfation profiles were similar for all materials, with dominant CS-C (GlcA-GalNAc6S) units (55%), followed by 23–24% of CS-A (GlcA-GalNAc4S), a substantial amount (15–16%) of CS-D (GlcA2S-GalNAc6S) and less than 7% of other disulfated and unsulfated disaccharides.por
dc.description.sponsorshipAcknowledgments for financial support to projects iSEAS LIFE13 ENV/ES/000131 (LIFE+Programme, EU), IBEROS (0245_IBEROS_1_E, POCTEP 2015), CVMar+I (0302_CVMAR_I_1_P, POCTEP 2015) and BLUEHUMAN (EAPA_151/2016, UE-INTERREG Atlantic Area Programme) and support of the publication fee by the CSIC Open Access Publication Support Initiative through its Unit of Information Resources for Research (URICI). RNC thanks the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (IF/00373/2014).por
dc.subjectchondroitin sulfate productionpor
dc.subjectcartilage Galeus melastomus by-productspor
dc.subjectsulfation patternspor
dc.subjectprocess optimizationpor
dc.subjectmolecular weight glycosaminoglycans determinationpor
dc.subjectbycatch waste managementpor
dc.titleIsolation and chemical characterization of chondroitin sulfate from cartilage by-products of Blackmouth Catshark (Galeus melastomus)por
dc.subject.wosScience & Technologypor
sdum.journalMarine Drugspor
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