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TitleTotal facial discrimination of 1,3-Dipolar cycloadditions in a D-Erythrose 1,3-Dioxane template: computational studies of a concerted mechanism
Author(s)Sousa, Cristina E. A.
Ribeiro, Antonio M. P.
Fortes, A. Gil
Cerqueira, N. M. F. S. A.
Alves, Maria José Chão
Issue date20-Jan-2017
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
JournalJournal of Organic Chemistry
Abstract(s)A new D-erythrose 1,3-dioxane derivative was synthesized from D-glucose and found to be a highly stereoselective template as a dipolarophile. Different 1,3-dipoles of allenyl-type were employed, giving different regioselectivities, depending on its nature; the regioselectivity is complete with alkyl azides and phenyldiazomethane, but is inexistence with nitrile oxides. Computational studies were performed to understand the mechanisms of cycloadditions. All the studied cycloadditions were found to be concerted involving small free activation energies and are all exoenergonic. The stereoselectivity is due to a combined result of the steric effect H-8a and the hyperconjugative effect of the *C-O to the incoming 1,3-dipole. The regioselectivity observed in alkyl azides and phenyldiazomethane is mostly dependent on the distortion effect during the cycloaddition process. This distortion effect is however higher in the alkyl azide compounds than in phenyldiazomethane.
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Appears in Collections:CDQuim - Artigos (Papers)

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