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TitleInter observer and intraobserver repeatability of lipid layer pattern evaluation by two experienced observers
Author(s)García-Resúa, Carlos
Pena-Verdeal, Hugo
Lira, Madalena
Penedo, Manuel
Giraldez, Maria J.
Yebra-Pimentel Vilar, Eva
KeywordsTear film
Lipid layer thickness
Lipid layer pattern
Issue date2013
JournalProceedings of SPIE
Abstract(s)The lipid layer plays a major role in limiting evaporation of the tear film. Based on interference phenomena, there is a test directed to lipid layer pattern (LLP) evaluation, but is affected by subjective interpretation of the patterns. The aim of this study is to compare the LLP evaluation between two experienced observers on a group of healthy patients. Furthermore, the observers re-evaluated the same images in order to check their individual repeatability. LLP was examined using a Tearscope-plus (Keeler, Windsor, UK) attached to a slit lamp. Tear film was ecorded by a Topcon DV-3 digital camera video and LLP images were captured. This yielded 124 LLP images that were categorized (based on Guillon’s schema) by two expert observers in two sessions separated by one month. Interobserver repeatability and intraobserver repeatability between both sessions were studied by using Cohen’s kappa coefficient. Comparing LLP categorization between both observers, Cohen's kappa coefficient was 0.615 and 0.633 for first and second session, respectively. When comparing LLP categorization by the same observer between both sessions, Cohen's kappa coefficient was 0.770 and 0.812 for Observer 1 and Observer 2. These results indicate substantial correlation in all cases [range of 0.61–0.80]. The most frequent misinterpretations were between open and closed meshwork and Wave and closed meshwork patterns. Although substantial correlation was found between categorizations of experienced observers, misinterpretation of the patters may appear even in the same observer. Some misinterpretations between adjacent patterns could be palliated by including intermediate patterns between those categories.
Appears in Collections:CDF - OCV - Artigos/Papers (with refereeing)

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