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|Title:||Effect of moderate electric fields in the properties of starch and chitosan films reinforced with microcrystalline cellulose|
|Author(s):||Coelho, C. C. S.|
Cerqueira, Miguel Ângelo Parente Ribeiro
Pereira, Ricardo Nuno Correia
Pastrana, Lorenzo M.
Vicente, A. A.
Cabral, Lourdes M. C.
Teixeira, J. A.
|Citation:||Coelho, C. C. S.; Cerqueira, Miguel A.; Pereira, Ricardo N.; Pastrana, Lorenzo M.; Freitas-Silva, Otniel; Vicente, António A.; Cabral, Lourdes M. C.; Teixeira, José A., Effect of moderate electric fields in the properties of starch and chitosan films reinforced with microcrystalline cellulose. Carbohydrate Polymers, 174, 1181-1191, 2017|
|Abstract(s):||Microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) can provide improved properties when the aim is the development of biodegradable packaging materials. In this work the physicochemical properties of polysaccharide-based films (chitosan and starch) with the incorporation of MCC and the application of moderate electric field (MEF) and ultrasonic bath (UB) as treatments, were evaluated. For each treatment, the thickness, moisture content, solubility, water vapor permeability, contact angle, mechanical properties, along with its color and opacity were determined. The surface morphologies of the films were assessed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) were also performed. It was observed that the addition of different concentrations of MCC as well as the application of MEF are responsible for changes in the properties of the films, being this effect dependent on the polysaccharide used. Chitosan-based films were slightly yellow, transparent and presented a more homogeneous structure. The use of MEF was efficient in decreasing the permeability to water vapor in chitosan based films without MCC, as well as in production of films with a more hydrophobic surface. The addition of MCC promoted more opaque, rigid, less flexible and less hydrophobic films. Starch-based films were whitish, with a more heterogeneous structure and the application of MEF generated more hydrophilic films with lower tensile strength and Youngs modulus. The films with MCC were more opaque, less flexible and less hydrophilic than the films without MCC. The composites presented good thermal properties, which increases their applicability as packaging materials. Therefore, the incorporation of MCC into polysaccharide-based films as well as the application of MEF can be an approach to change the properties of films.|
|Appears in Collections:||CEB - Publicações em Revistas/Séries Internacionais / Publications in International Journals/Series|