Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1822/45989

TitleA century of victimhood: Antecedents and current impacts of perceived suffering in World War I across Europe
Author(s)Bouchat, Pierre
Licata, Laurent
Rosoux, Valérie
Allesch, Christian
Ammerer, Heinrich
Bovina, Inna
Bruckmüller, Susanne
Cabecinhas, Rosa
Chryssochoou, Xenia
Cohrs, J. Christopher
Csertő, István
Delouvée, Sylvain
Durante, Federica
Ernst-Vintila, Andreea
Flassbeck, Christine
Hilton, Denis
Kesteloot, Chantal
Kislioglu, Resit
Krenn, Alice
Macovei, Irina
Mari, Silvia
Petrovic, Nebojša
Pólya, Tibor
Sá, Alberto
Sakki, Inari
Turjacanin, Vladimir
van Ypersele, Laurence
Volpato, Chiara
Bilewicz, Michal
Klein, Olivier
Keywordscollective
memory
pacifism
WWI
victimhood
memória
coletiva
vitimização
pacifismo
Primeira Guerra Mundial
collective memory
collective victimhood
Issue date2017
PublisherJohn Wiley and Sons
JournalEuropean Journal of Social Psychology
CitationBouchat, P., Licata, L., Rosoux, V., Allesch, C., Ammerer, H., Bovina, I., Bruckmüller, S., Cabecinhas, R., Chryssochoou, X., Cohrs, J. C., Csertő, I., Delouvée, S., Durante, F., Ernst-Vintila, A., Flassbeck, C., Hilton, D., Kesteloot, C., Kislioglu, R., Krenn, A., Macovei, I., Mari, S., Petrovic, N., Pólya, T., Sá, A., Sakki, I., Turjacanin, V., van Ypersele, L., Volpato, C., Bilewicz, M., and Klein, O. (2017) A century of victimhood: Antecedents and current impacts of perceived suffering in World War I across Europe. Eur. J. Soc. Psychol., 47: 195–208. doi: 10.1002/ejsp.2232.
Abstract(s)The present study addresses antecedents and consequences of collective victimhood in the context of World War I (WWI) across 15 European nations (N = 2423 social science students). Using multilevel analysis, we find evidence that collective victimhood is still present a hundred years after the onset of the war and can be predicted by WWI-related objective indicators of victimization at national and family levels. This suggests that collective victimhood is partly grounded in the actual experience of WWI. In addition, we show that sense of collective victimhood positively predicts acknowledgment of the suffering inflicted by one's nation on other countries during WWI. This is consistent with a social representation of WWI as involving a vast massacre in which nations were both victim and perpetrator. Finally, we find that objective indicators of victimization predict pacifism in divergent ways, with an indicator at the national level associated with more pacifist attitudes and an indicator at the family level being associated with less pacifist attitudes. This finding suggests that war-torn societies may have developed social representations favouring peaceful coexistence whereas, at the family level, victimization may still foster retaliatory tendencies.
TypeArticle
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/1822/45989
DOI10.1002/ejsp.2232
ISSN0046-2772
e-ISSN1099-0992
Publisher versionhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ejsp.2232/abstract
Peer-Reviewedyes
AccessRestricted access (UMinho)
Appears in Collections:CECS - Artigos em revistas internacionais / Articles in international journals

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
P_Bouchat_et_al_2017_ejsp.pdf
  Restricted access
262,12 kBAdobe PDFView/Open    Request a copy!

Partilhe no FacebookPartilhe no TwitterPartilhe no DeliciousPartilhe no LinkedInPartilhe no DiggAdicionar ao Google BookmarksPartilhe no MySpacePartilhe no Orkut
Exporte no formato BibTex mendeley Exporte no formato Endnote Adicione ao seu ORCID