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TitleA century of victimhood: Antecedents and current impacts of perceived suffering in World War I across Europe
Author(s)Bouchat, Pierre
Licata, Laurent
Rosoux, Valérie
Allesch, Christian
Ammerer, Heinrich
Bovina, Inna
Bruckmüller, Susanne
Cabecinhas, Rosa
Chryssochoou, Xenia
Cohrs, J. Christopher
Csertő, István
Delouvée, Sylvain
Durante, Federica
Ernst-Vintila, Andreea
Flassbeck, Christine
Hilton, Denis
Kesteloot, Chantal
Kislioglu, Resit
Krenn, Alice
Macovei, Irina
Mari, Silvia
Petrovic, Nebojša
Pólya, Tibor
Sá, Alberto
Sakki, Inari
Turjacanin, Vladimir
van Ypersele, Laurence
Volpato, Chiara
Bilewicz, Michal
Klein, Olivier
Primeira Guerra Mundial
collective memory
collective victimhood
Issue date2017
PublisherJohn Wiley and Sons
JournalEuropean Journal of Social Psychology
CitationBouchat, P., Licata, L., Rosoux, V., Allesch, C., Ammerer, H., Bovina, I., Bruckmüller, S., Cabecinhas, R., Chryssochoou, X., Cohrs, J. C., Csertő, I., Delouvée, S., Durante, F., Ernst-Vintila, A., Flassbeck, C., Hilton, D., Kesteloot, C., Kislioglu, R., Krenn, A., Macovei, I., Mari, S., Petrovic, N., Pólya, T., Sá, A., Sakki, I., Turjacanin, V., van Ypersele, L., Volpato, C., Bilewicz, M., and Klein, O. (2017) A century of victimhood: Antecedents and current impacts of perceived suffering in World War I across Europe. Eur. J. Soc. Psychol., 47: 195–208. doi: 10.1002/ejsp.2232.
Abstract(s)The present study addresses antecedents and consequences of collective victimhood in the context of World War I (WWI) across 15 European nations (N = 2423 social science students). Using multilevel analysis, we find evidence that collective victimhood is still present a hundred years after the onset of the war and can be predicted by WWI-related objective indicators of victimization at national and family levels. This suggests that collective victimhood is partly grounded in the actual experience of WWI. In addition, we show that sense of collective victimhood positively predicts acknowledgment of the suffering inflicted by one's nation on other countries during WWI. This is consistent with a social representation of WWI as involving a vast massacre in which nations were both victim and perpetrator. Finally, we find that objective indicators of victimization predict pacifism in divergent ways, with an indicator at the national level associated with more pacifist attitudes and an indicator at the family level being associated with less pacifist attitudes. This finding suggests that war-torn societies may have developed social representations favouring peaceful coexistence whereas, at the family level, victimization may still foster retaliatory tendencies.
Publisher version
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CECS - Artigos em revistas internacionais / Articles in international journals

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