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TitleBioactivity response of Ta1-xOx coatings deposited by reactive DC magnetron sputtering
Author(s)Almeida Alves, C. F.
Cavaleiro, A.
Carvalho, S.
KeywordsCalcium Phosphates
Coated Materials, Biocompatible
Electrochemical Techniques
Surface Properties
Surface energy
Issue date1-Jan-2016
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering: C
CitationAlves, C. F. A., Cavaleiro, A., & Carvalho, S. (2016). Bioactivity response of Ta1-xOx coatings deposited by reactive DC magnetron sputtering. Materials Science & Engineering C-Materials for Biological Applications, 58, 110-118. doi: 10.1016/j.msec.2015.08.017
Abstract(s)The use of dental implants is sometimes accompanied by failure due to periimplantitis disease and subsequently poor esthetics when soft-hard tissue margin recedes. As a consequence, further research is needed for developing new bioactive surfaces able to enhance the osseous growth. Tantalum (Ta) is a promising material for dental implants since, comparing with titanium (Ti), it is bioactive and has an interesting chemistry which promotes the osseointegration. Another promising approach for implantology is the development of implants with oxidized surfaces since bone progenitor cells interact with the oxide layer forming a diffusion zone due to its ability to bind with calcium which promotes a stronger bond. In the present report Ta-based coatings were deposited by reactive DC magnetron sputtering onto Ti CP substrates in an Ar+O2 atmosphere. In order to assess the osteoconductive response of the studied materials, contact angle and in vitro tests of the samples immersed in Simulated Body Fluid (SBF) were performed. Structural results showed that oxide phases where achieved with larger amounts of oxygen (70 at.% O). More compact and smooth coatings were deposited by increasing the oxygen content. The as-deposited Ta coating presented the most hydrophobic character (100°); with increasing oxygen amount contact angles progressively diminished, down to the lowest measured value, 63°. The higher wettability is also accompanied by an increase on the surface energy. Bioactivity tests demonstrated that highest O-content coating, in good agreement with wettability and surface energy values, showed an increased affinity for apatite adhesion, with higher Ca/P ratio formation, when compared to the bare Ti substrates.
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CDF - GRF - Artigos/Papers (with refereeing)

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