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TitleOperation modes for the electric vehicle in smart grids and smart homes: present and proposed modes
Author(s)Monteiro, Vítor Duarte Fernandes
Pinto, J. G.
Afonso, João L.
KeywordsBidirectional Battery Charger
Electric Vehicle
G2V – Grid-to-Vehicle
H2V – Home-to-Vehicle
Smart Grids
Smart Homes
V2G – Vehicle-to-Grid
V4G – Vehicle-for-Grid
V2H – Vehicle-to-Home
electric vehicle (EV)
grid-to-vehicle (G2V)
home-to-vehicle (H2V)
vehicle-for-grid (V4G)
vehicle-to-grid (V2G)
vehicle-to-home (V2H)
Issue dateMar-2016
JournalIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
CitationMonteiro, V., Pinto, J. G., & Afonso, J. L. (2016). Operation Modes for the Electric Vehicle in Smart Grids and Smart Homes: Present and Proposed Modes. Ieee Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 65(3), 1007-1020. doi: 10.1109/tvt.2015.2481005
Abstract(s)This paper presents the main operation modes for an electric vehicle (EV) battery charger framed in smart grids and smart homes, i.e., are discussed the present-day and are proposed new operation modes that can represent an asset towards EV adoption. Besides the well-known grid to vehicle (G2V) and vehicle to grid (V2G), this paper proposes two new operation modes: Home-to-vehicle (H2V), where the EV battery charger current is controlled according to the current consumption of the electrical appliances of the home (this operation mode is combined with the G2V and V2G); Vehicle-for-grid (V4G), where the EV battery charger is used for compensating current harmonics or reactive power, simultaneously with the G2V and V2G operation modes. The vehicle-to-home (V2H) operation mode, where the EV can operate as a power source in isolated systems or as an off-line uninterruptible power supply to feed priority appliances of the home during power outages of the electrical grid is presented in this paper framed with the other operation modes. These five operation modes were validated through experimental results using a developed 3.6 kW bidirectional EV battery charger prototype, which was specially designed for these operation modes. The paper describes the developed EV battery charger prototype, detailing the power theory and the voltage and current control strategies used in the control system. The paper presents experimental results for the various operation modes, both in steady-state and during transients.
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CAlg - Artigos em revistas internacionais / Papers in international journals

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