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TitleUnderstanding the dispersion of fillers in polymer matrices
Author(s)Fernandes, C. S.
Ferrás, Luís Jorge Lima
Covas, J. A.
Nóbrega, J. M.
KeywordsPolymer composites
Numerical modelling
Issue date2015
Abstract(s)Understanding the mixing process of complex composite materials is fundamental in several industrial processes. For instance, the dispersion of fillers in polymer melt matrices is commonly employed to manufacture polymer composites, using a twin-screw extruder. The effectiveness of the filler dispersion depends not only on the complex flow patterns generated, but also on the polymer melt rheological behavior. Therefore, the availability of a numerical tool able to predict mixing, taking into account both fluid and particles phases would be very useful to increase the process insight, and thus provide useful guidelines for its optimization. In this work, a new Eulerian-Lagrangian numerical solver is developed OpenFOAM® computational library, and used to better understand the mechanisms determining the dispersion of fillers in polymer matrices. Particular attention will be given to the effect of the rheological model used to represent the fluid behavior, on the level of dispersion obtained. For the Eulerian phase the averaged volume fraction governing equations (conservation of mass and linear momentum) are used to describe the fluid behavior. In the case of the Lagrangian phase, Newton’s second law of motion is used to compute the particles trajectories and velocity. To study the effect of fluid behavior on the filler dispersion, several systems are modeled considering different fluid types (generalized Newtonian or viscoelastic) and particles volume fraction and size. The results obtained are used to correlate the fluid and particle characteristics on the effectiveness of mixing and morphology obtained.
AccessRestricted access (UMinho)
Appears in Collections:IPC - Resumos em actas de encontros científicos internacionais com arbitragem

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