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TitleHigh performance electromechanical actuators based on ionic liquid/poly(vinylidene fluoride)
Author(s)Dias, J. C.
Lopes, A. C.
Magalhães, B.
Botelho, Gabriela
Silva, Maria Manuela
Esperança, J. M. S. S.
Lanceros-Méndez, S.
Ionic liquids
Issue date2015
JournalPolymer Testing
Abstract(s)Due to the increasing need of low voltage actuators, independent from electrochemical processes, electroactive actuators based on poly(vinylidene fluoride) composites with 10, 25 and 40 % of 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide, [C2mim] [NTf2], ionic liquid are prepared by solvent casting and melting. We show that the charge structure of [C2mim] [NTf2] induces the complete piezoelectric -phase crystallization of the PVDF within the composite and decreases its crystallinity fraction significantly. [C2mim] [NTf2] also works as a plasticizer of PVDF, reducing the elastic modulus down to 12 % of the initial value. Moreover, the composites show significant displacement and bending under applied voltages of 2, 5 and 10 Vpp. The displacement and bending of the composite membranes are also evaluated as a function of [C2mim] [NTf2] content and sample thickness. Increasing amounts of ionic liquid result in larger deformations independently of the applied voltage.
AccessRestricted access (UMinho)
Appears in Collections:CDF - FCD - Artigos/Papers (with refereeing)
CDQuim - Artigos (Papers)

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