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TitleA hybrid MAC Scheme to improve the transmission performance in body sensor networks
Author(s)Gama, Óscar Sílvio Marques Almeida
Simões, Ricardo João Ferreira
KeywordsWireless body sensor network
MAC protocol
Real performance tests
Issue date2015
JournalWireless Personal Communications
CitationGama, O., & Simoes, R. (2015). A Hybrid MAC Scheme to Improve the Transmission Performance in Body Sensor Networks. Wireless Personal Communications, 80(3), 1263-1279. doi: 10.1007/s11277-014-2086-3
Abstract(s)Wireless body sensor networks (WBSNs) constitute a key technology for closing the loop between patients and healthcare providers, as WBSNs provide sensing ability, as well as mobility and portability, essential characteristics for wide acceptance of wireless healthcare technology. However, one important and difficult aspect of WBSNs is to provide data transmissions with quality of service, among other factors due to the antennas being small size and placed close to the body. Such transmissions cannot be fully provided without the assumption of a MAC protocol that solves the problems of the medium sharing. A vast number of MAC protocols conceived for wireless networks are based on random or scheduled schemes. This paper studies firstly the suitability of two MAC protocols, one using CSMA and the other TDMA, to transmit directly to the base station the signals collected continuously from multiple sensor nodes placed on the human body. Tests in a real scenario show that the beaconed TDMA MAC protocol presents an average packet loss ratio lower than CSMA. However, the average packet loss ratio is above 1.0 %. To improve this performance, which is of vital importance in areas such as e-health and ambient assisted living, a hybrid TDMA/CSMA scheme is proposed and tested in a real scenario with two WBSNs and four sensor nodes per WBSN. An average packet loss ratio lower than 0.2 % was obtained with the hybrid scheme. To achieve this significant improvement, the hybrid scheme uses a lightweight algorithm to control dynamically the start of the superframes. Scalability and traffic rate variation tests show that this strategy allows approximately ten WBSNs operating simultaneously without significant performance degradation.
AccessRestricted access (UMinho)
Appears in Collections:ICVS - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais com Referee
IPC - Artigos em revistas científicas internacionais com arbitragem

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