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TitleSynthesis and characterization of polystyrene-blockpoly(vinylbenzoic acid) : a promising compound for manipulating photoresponsive properties at the nanoscale
Author(s)Abreu, Ana S.
Oliveira, M.
Rodrigues, P. V.
Moura, I.
Botelho, Gabriela
Machado, A. V.
Issue date2015
JournalJournal of materials science
Abstract(s)Using reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization, the effect of PSt macroRAFT and 4VBA ratio on the synthesis of a carboxylic acid functional block copolymer (PSt-b-P4VBA) was studied. PSt macroRAFT polymer was initially prepared followed by the insertion of 4-vinylbenzoic acid (4VBA) monomer. The chemical structure of the diblock copolymer was confirmed by NMR and FTIR. The effect of PSt macroRAFT and 4VBA ratio on copolymerization yield and on molecular weight distribution was assessed by gel permeation chromatography. The rate of polymerization did not change as the 4VBA/PSt macroRAFT ratio increased, indicating an ideal amount of 4VBA insertion. An optimal ratio of [PSt macroRAFT]:[AIBN]:[4VBA] was 1.2:1:180. DSC and XRD confirmed the amorphous structure of homo and copolymer. Thermal stability was higher for PSt-b-P4VBA forming activated porous carbon char by dehydration, carbonization and oxidation. SEM and STEM observations showed a morphological evolution between PSt macroRAFT and the correspondent copolymer.
Description"Published online: 27 January 2015"
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:IPC - Artigos em revistas científicas internacionais com arbitragem

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