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TitleInfluence of carrier concentration on the control of Galactomyces geotrichum bulking and bacterial community of biofilm reactors
Author(s)Matos, M.
Pereira, M. A.
Nicolau, Ana
Rodrigues, A. L.
Brito, A. G.
Nogueira, R.
KeywordsBacterial community composition
Carrier concentration
Filamentous bulking control
Galactomyces geotrichum
Sequential batch reactors (SBR)
Sequencing batch reactors (SBR)
Issue date2012
PublisherTaylor & Francis
JournalDesalination and Water Treatment
Abstract(s)The present work aims to evaluate a strategy to solve Galactomyces geotrichum bulking based on the incorporation of a biofilm carrier in activated sludge systems. For this study, four sequencing batch reactors (SBR) were operated without (SBR1) and with a carrier for biofilm growth (5% [SBR2], 10% [SBR3], and 20% [SBR4] of the reactor volume). As expected, G. geotrichum bulking was observed in the SBR operating just with suspended biomass, as ascertained by direct microscopic inspection. The incorporation of an optimized amount of biofilm carrier (10 and 20%) suppressed the overgrowth of the filamentous fungus probably due to the combined effect of a decreased biomass loading rate and an increased shear stress. Polymerase chain reaction—denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (PCR–DGGE) analysis of the bacterial community suggested that the incorporation of a biofilm carrier induced increasing differences in the bacterial community structure as the concentration of carrier increased in the SBR. However, the observed differences did not seem to affect the activated sludge system since bacterial groups usually present in these systems prevailed.
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CEB - Publicações em Revistas/Séries Internacionais / Publications in International Journals/Series

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