Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title:||Salt effect on the aqueous two-phase system PEG 8000-sodium sulfate|
|Author(s):||Ferreira, Luísa A.|
Teixeira, J. A.
|Publisher:||American Chemical Society|
|Journal:||Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data|
|Abstract(s):||The effect of added salt (NaCl or KCl) on the polyethylene glycol 8000 (PEG)−sodium sulfate (Na2SO4) aqueous two-phase system (ATPS), containing 0.01 mol·L−1 of sodium phosphate buffer (NaPB), pH 7.4, has been investigated at 296.15 K. Phase diagrams determined by the cloud point method, including tie-lines assigned from mass phase ratios according to the lever arm rule, are presented for the different PEG 8000−Na2SO4 ATPSs, all containing 0.01 mol·L−1 NaPB, pH 7.4, and increasing the concentration of a neutral salt, such as NaCl or KCl, up to 1.0 mol·L−1. Experimental binodal results were satisfactorily correlated with an empirical mathematical model, the Merchuk equation. The results indicate that the addition of both salts causes a depression of the binodal relatively to that for the salt-free system. The salting-out ability of the cations follows the Hofmeister series (Na+ > K+) and can be related to the ions Gibbs free energy of hydration (ΔGhyd).|
|Appears in Collections:||CEB - Publicações em Revistas/Séries Internacionais / Publications in International Journals/Series|