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TitleSalt effect on the aqueous two-phase system PEG 8000-sodium sulfate
Author(s)Ferreira, Luísa A.
Teixeira, J. A.
Issue date2011
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
JournalJournal of Chemical and Engineering Data
Abstract(s)The effect of added salt (NaCl or KCl) on the polyethylene glycol 8000 (PEG)−sodium sulfate (Na2SO4) aqueous two-phase system (ATPS), containing 0.01 mol·L−1 of sodium phosphate buffer (NaPB), pH 7.4, has been investigated at 296.15 K. Phase diagrams determined by the cloud point method, including tie-lines assigned from mass phase ratios according to the lever arm rule, are presented for the different PEG 8000−Na2SO4 ATPSs, all containing 0.01 mol·L−1 NaPB, pH 7.4, and increasing the concentration of a neutral salt, such as NaCl or KCl, up to 1.0 mol·L−1. Experimental binodal results were satisfactorily correlated with an empirical mathematical model, the Merchuk equation. The results indicate that the addition of both salts causes a depression of the binodal relatively to that for the salt-free system. The salting-out ability of the cations follows the Hofmeister series (Na+ > K+) and can be related to the ions Gibbs free energy of hydration (ΔGhyd).
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CEB - Publicações em Revistas/Séries Internacionais / Publications in International Journals/Series

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