Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1822/16157

TitleHope in Africa? Social representations of world history and the future in six African countries
Author(s)Cabecinhas, Rosa
Liu, James H.
Licata, Laurent
Klein, Olivier
Feijó, João
Mendes, Júlio
Niyubahwe, Aline
KeywordsCollective remembering
Narrative templates
Social representations
Sub-Saharan Africa
Memória colectiva
Representações sociais
Narrativas
Angola
Cabo Verde
Guiné Bissau
Moçambique
Burundi
Congo
World history
Africa
Issue dateMay-2011
PublisherTaylor and Francis
JournalInternational Journal of Psychology
Abstract(s)Data on social representations of world history have been collected everywhere in the world except sub-Saharan Africa. Two studies using open-ended data involving university students from six African countries fill this gap. In Study 1, nominations from Cape Verde and Mozambique for the most important events in world history in the past 1000 years were dominated by war and politics, recency effects, and Western-centrism tempered by African sociocentrism on colonization and independence. The first three findings replicated previous research conducted in other parts of the world, but the last pattern contrasted sharply with European data. Study 2 employed a novel method asking participants how they would begin the narration of world history, and then to describe a major transition to the present. Participants most frequently wrote about the evolution of humanity out of Africa, followed by war and then colonization as a beginning, and then replicated previous findings with war, colonization, and technology as major transitions to the present. Finally, when asked about how they foresaw the future, many participants expressed hope for peace and cooperation, especially those facing more risk of collective violence (Burundi and Congo). A colonial/liberation narrative was more predominant in the data from former Portuguese colonies (Angola, Cape Verde, and Guinea-Bissau) than from former Belgian colonies (Burundi and Congo).
TypeArticle
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/1822/16157
DOI10.1080/00207594.2011.560268
ISSN0020-7594
1464-066X
Publisher versionhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00207594.2011.560268
Peer-Reviewedyes
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CECS - Artigos em revistas internacionais / Articles in international journals

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