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TitleThe relationship between height and fruit/vegetable intakes in adults: a nationwide cross-sectional study
Author(s)Rosário, Rafaela
Agostinis-Sobrinho, Cesar
Padrão, Patrícia
Lopes, Oscar
Moreira, Pedro
Body height
Issue date2022
PublisherSAGE Publications
JournalNutrition and Health
Abstract(s)Background: Worldwide, fruit and vegetable intake is below recommendations. There is increasing evidence to suggest an association between height and diet. Aim: to analyse the associations of fruit and vegetable intake with attained height in Portuguese adults. Methods: A representative sample of 17 480 Portuguese adults (56.7% women) participated in this cross-sectional study. The survey comprised sociodemographic characteristics and self-reported height and weight. We performed regression models to assess the associations between height and fruit and vegetable consumption. Results: Compared with no intakes, those men with higher fruit and vegetables intake had 0.54 cm (95% CI 0.04; 1.04) greater height. Also, women with higher intakes of vegetables, fruit and vegetables combined were directly associated with a greater height of 0.29 cm (95% CI 0.03; 0.56 in vegetables) and 0.51 cm (95% CI 0.09; 0.93 in fruit and vegetables combined). Conclusion: Greater consumption of fruit and vegetables was directly associated with higher height in adults. From a health promotion perspective, intervention programmes aiming at improving fruit and vegetable intake should be highlighted so that full height potential is achieved.
Publisher version
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:ESE-CIE - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais / Papers in International Journals

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