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TitleEarly modern trade flows between smaller states : the Portuguese-Swedish trade in the eighteenth century as an example
Author(s)Moreira, Maria Cristina Guimarães Almeida
Eloranta, Jari
Ojala, Jari
Karvonen, Lauri
KeywordsEighteenth century
International trade statistics
Economic history
Issue dateJul-2015
PublisherPresses de Sciences Po
JournalRevue de L'ofce
Abstract(s)The eighteenth century was a period of many great power wars and competition for colonies. However, despite the turmoil, smaller nations were able to carve their niches in the international trade of the period. Examination of new sources, used in a comparative fashion, indicates that bilateral trade still has much to offer for the analysis of international trade history. The pattern of bilateral trade between Sweden and Portugal indicates that they were not equally dependent on that trade, and that the products traded varied over time. Usually bulk commodities dominated this trade, as each country focused on its core competencies. Overall, the volume of trade and the number of ships travelling to each nation tended to grow over time, although this growth was not very even. The French Revolutionary and Napoleonic conflicts were a time of difficulties for both states, given their involvement in wars. While the overall effects of warfare are typically quite negative, these years offered opportunities for smaller states too, until they had to adjust to the intense competition of nineteenth century globalization.
AccessRestricted access (UMinho)
Appears in Collections:EEG - Artigos em revistas de circulação internacional com arbitragem científica

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