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TitleCharacteristics of a successful program to decrease BMI and LNED intake in school children
Author(s)Rosário, Rafaela
Araújo, Ana
Padrão, Patrícia
Lopes, Óscar
Pereira, Beatriz Oliveira
Moreira, Pedro
Issue dateMay-2015
Abstract(s)Healthy eating habits are essential to reduce children · s risk of health problems. The prevalence of obesity continues to increase and is growing concern in Portugal and Europe (Wijnhoven et ai., 2014). This study aims to describe the characteristics of a successful program to decrease BMI and LNED intake among school children. 464 children (239 female, 6 to 12 years) from seven schools participated in this randomized triaL ln Portugal children from elementary schools have only one teacher who teaches a range of subjects. The intervention program was based on healtl\ promotion model (Pender, 1996) and the social cognitive theory (Bandura, 1986) and aimed to promete healthier active lifestyles by encouraging children to be more active and make better food selection. The training sessions were approved by the Minister of Education with 72 hours oí duration. The program was implemented over two terms: teachers' training delivered by researchers and intervention delivered to children by trained teachers. Intervened teachers had 12 sessions of 3 hours each with the researchers, according to the topics of nutrition and healthy eating for children and family (sessions 1-4); importance of water (sessionS); strategies to increase fruit and vegetable intake (session 6-8); strategie~ to improve physical activity and reduce screen time (sessions 9-10) and healthy cooking activities. After each session, teachers were encouraged to develop activities in the class according to the learned to pies. This intervention program decreased the consumption ofLow-nutrition, energy dense (LNED) foods and the Body Mass Index (BMI) z-score among the intervened children and offers promise to yield best practices in the prevention of overweight and obesity.
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:ESE-CIE - Outros Documentos / Other Documents

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