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TitleDifferential effects of valence and encoding strategy on internal source memory and judgments of source: exploring the production and the self-reference effect
Author(s)Pereira, Diana R.
Sampaio, Adriana
Pinheiro, Ana P.
Keywordsinternal source memory
production effect
self-reference effect
judgments of source
Issue date2019
PublisherFrontiers Media
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
CitationPereira D. R., Sampaio A. and Pinheiro A. P. (2019) Differential Effects of Valence and Encoding Strategy on Internal Source Memory and Judgments of Source: Exploring the Production and the Self-Reference Effect. Front. Psychol. 10:1326. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01326
Abstract(s)Item memory studies show that emotional stimuli are associated with improved memory performance compared to neutral ones. However, emotion-related effects on source memory are less consistent. The current study probed how emotional valence and specific encoding conditions influence internal source memory performance and judgments of source (JOSs). In two independent experiments, participants were required to read silently/aloud (Experiment 1) or to perform self-reference/common judgments (Experiment 2) on a list of negative/neutral/positive words. They also performed immediate JOSs ratings for each word. The study phase was followed by a test phase in which participants performed old-new judgments. In Experiment 1, the production effect was replicated for item memory, but the effects of valence on item and source memory were not significant. In Experiment 2, self-referential processing effects on item and source memory differed as a function of valence. In both experiments, JOSs ratings were sensitive to valence and encoding conditions, although they were not predictive of objective memory performance. These findings demonstrate that the effects of valence on internal source memory and JOSs are modulated by encoding strategy. Thus, the way information is encoded can shed light on how emotion might enhance, impair or exert no influence on source memory.
DescriptionThe Supplementary Material for this article can be found online at:
Publisher version
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CIPsi - Artigos (Papers)

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