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TitleCognitive development and use of digital media by infants and preschoolers: A systematic review
Author(s)Vieira, Maria de Lourdes
Rosário, Rafaela
Carvalho, Graça Simões de
Issue date2018
PublisherUniversidade do Minho. Centro de Investigação em Estudos da Criança (CIEC)
CitationVieira, M.L., Rosário, R. & Carvalho, G.S. (2018). Cognitive development and use of digital media by infants and preschoolers: A systematic review. In: Carvalho, G.S., Parente, M.C., Vilaça, T., Vieira, M. de F., Sarmento, T. & Ferreira, F.I. (Eds.). 2018 EDULOG International Conference on Early Childhood Education: What Science Has to Teach Us - Programme and Abstracts. Braga: CIEC. p.33.
Abstract(s)Digital media are very present in people's lives. Parents and/or caregivers turn on the TV or often deliver tablets or cell phones to infants and preschoolers to calm them down. The objective of this study was to identify the evidence on the relationships between the use of digital media by infants and preschoolers and their outcomes. It is a review to answer the question: "What does the literature show about the use of digital media related to the cognitive development of infants and preschool children?" For the systematic research, the following databases were used: BVS/LILACS, PUBMED, ScienceNews and Wiley On Line Library. Descriptors searched were: infants, toddlers, children, impact, children education, learning and media. The articles found were of the last decade, distributed in categories related to: 1. Impact of the media in children's cognition (positive and negative effects); 2. Experimental Research; 3. Amount of time of use of the media; and 4. Recommendations from expert groups on the subject. It was observed that the cognitive impact depends on the age group, the type of programming and the time of visualization. In infants who watch TV, the impact is negative for language, but they learn more with interactive and touch media than with TV or videos. Preschoolers are seeing excess screen media suggesting problems of attention and delay in language, obesity and aggressiveness, depending on the contents seen. Experimental studies show that good quality child education may be beneficial for the cognitive development of children; however, we see stimulation, physical activity and social interaction being replaced by the use of TV. Others claim that prolonged use of digital media affects sleep quality, development, and physical health of children. Researchers recommend limit the number of hours on the screen and select programs. This study ends with recommendations to minimize the problem.
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AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CIEC - Comunicações

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