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TitleThe number of discernible colors in natural scenes
Author(s)Linhares, João M. M.
Pinto, Paulo Daniel Araújo
Nascimento, Sérgio M. C.
Issue date1-Dec-2008
PublisherOptical Society of America
JournalJournal of the Optical Society of America A: Optics and Image Science, and Vision
CitationLinhares, J. M. M., Pinto, P. D., & Nascimento, S. M. C. (2008). The number of discernible colors in natural scenes. JOSA A, 25(12), 2918-2924
Abstract(s)The number of colors discernible by normal trichromats has been estimated for the idealized object-color solid. How well these estimates apply to natural scenes is an open question, as it is unknown how much their colors approach the theoretical limits. The aim of this work was to estimate the number of discernible colors based on a database of hyperspectral images of 50 natural scenes. The color volume of each scene was computed in the CIELAB color space and was analyzed using the CIEDE2000 color-difference formula. It was found that the color volume of the set of natural scenes was about 30% of the theoretical maximum for the full object-color solid, and it corresponded to a number of about 2.3 million discernible colors. Moreover, when the lightness dimension was ignored, only about 26,000 (1%) could be perceived as different colors. These results suggest that natural stimuli may be more constrained than expected from the analysis of the theoretical limits. © 2008 Optical Society of America.
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AccessRestricted access (UMinho)
Appears in Collections:CDF - OCV - Artigos/Papers (with refereeing)

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