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TitleInfluence of temperature on the curing of an epoxy adhesive and its influence on bond behaviour of NSM-CFRP systems
Author(s)Benedetti, Andrea
Fernandes, Pedro Miguel Gomes
Granja, José Luís Duarte
Sena-Cruz, José
Azenha, Miguel
KeywordsCarbon fibre
Theromosetting resin
Cure behaviour
Non-destructive testing
Near-surface mounted reinforcement
A. Carbon fibre
A. Theromosetting resin
B. Cure behaviour
D. Non-destructive testing
Issue date2016
JournalComposites Part B: Engineering
Abstract(s)In NSM-CFRP installations, the mechanical behaviour of the strengthening system is strongly influenced by the epoxy adhesive, particularly at early ages. In the present work, the influence of temperature on the curing process of the epoxy was investigated. Three distinct temperatures were studied: 20, 30 and 40 °C. The elastic modulus of the adhesive was monitored through EMM-ARM (Elasticity Modulus Monitoring through Ambient Response Method). Direct pull-out tests with concrete specimens strengthened with NSM CFRP strips were carried out at the same three distinct temperatures to compare the evolution of bond performance with the E-modulus of epoxy since early ages. The results showed that increasing the curing temperature significantly accelerated both the curing process of the epoxy adhesive and the evolution of bond performance. The EMM-ARM technique has revealed its ability in clearly identifying the hardening kinetics of epoxy adhesives, allowing also thermal activation analysis. Finally, existing models for predicting temperature-dependent mechanical properties were extended to also describe the bond behaviour of NSM-CFRP applications.
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:ISISE - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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