Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1822/17914

TitleDiffusivity of alkanes in polystyrene
Author(s)Bernardo, Gabriel
KeywordsPolystyrene
Alkanes
Diffusion
Issue date2-Mar-2012
PublisherSpringer
JournalJournal of Polymer Research
Abstract(s)Gravimetry is used to study the diffusivity of a homologous series of linear alkanes (Cn, with n=8, 10, 12,14 and 16) in amorphous polystyrene at temperatures ranging from 45 °C to 145 °C, i.e. both below and above the polymer glass transition temperature (100 °C). All the mass uptake results obtained are well described by a simple Fickian model (for t<t1/2) and are used to calculate the corresponding diffusion coefficients (D) using the thin-film approximation of the Fickian equation. For all the alkanes considered, the temperature dependency of the diffusion coefficients is non-Arrhenius in character, over the broad temperature intervals considered. For any particular temperature log(D) varies linearly (R2>0.993, for all temperatures) with respect to the number of carbon atoms (n) in the alkyl chain, log(D) decreasing when n increases. For each liquid penetrant, over the temperature intervals considered, its log (D) also increases linearly (R2>0.996 for all the systems) with the decrease in the penetrant’s liquid viscosity.
TypeArticle
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/1822/17914
DOI10.1007/s10965-012-9836-2
ISSN1022-9760
Peer-Reviewedyes
AccessRestricted access (UMinho)
Appears in Collections:IPC - Artigos em revistas científicas internacionais com arbitragem

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