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TitleOn the dynamics of rocking motion of single rigid–block structures
Author(s)Peña, Fernando
Prieto, Francisco
Lourenço, Paulo B.
Costa, Alfredo Campos
Lemos, José V.
KeywordsRigid blocks
Rocking motion
Discrete element method
Complex coupled rocking rotations method
Issue date2007
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons Ltd
JournalEarthquake Engineering & Structural Dynamics
Citation"Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics." ISSN 0098-8847. 36:17 (Dec. 2007) 2383-2399.
Abstract(s)This paper describes the behavior of single rigid-block structures under dynamic loading. A comprehensive experimental investigation has been carried out to study the rocking response of four blue granite stones with different geometrical characteristics under free vibration, and harmonic and random motions of the base. In total, 275 tests on a shaking table were carried out in order to address the issues of repeatability of the results and stability of the rocking motion response. Two different tools for the numerical simulations of the rocking motion of rigid blocks are considered. The first tool is analytical and overcomes the usual limitations of the traditional piecewise equations of motion through a Lagrangian formalism. The second tool is based on the discrete element method (DEM), especially effective for the numerical modeling of rigid blocks. A new methodology is proposed for finding the parameters of the DEM by using the parameters of the classical theory. An extensive comparison between numerical and experimental data has been carried out to validate and define the limitations of the analytical tools under study.
Publisher version
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CEC-EST - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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