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TitleBall catching by a puma arm : a nonlinear dynamical systems approach
Author(s)Santos, Cristina
Ferreira, Manuel João Oliveira
Dynamical systems
Issue date9-Oct-2006
CitationINTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INTELLIGENT ROBOTS AND SYSTEMS, Beijing, 2006 – “International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems : IEEE/RSJ 2006: Proceedings”. [S.l.: s.n., 2006
Abstract(s)We present an attractor based dynamics that autonomously generates temporally discrete movements and movement sequences stably adapted to changing online sensory information. Autonomous differential equations are used to formulate a dynamical layer with either stable fixed points or a stable limit cycle. A neural competitive dynamics switches between these two regimes according to sensorial context and logical conditions. The corresponding movement states are then converted by simple coordinate transformations into spatial positions of a robot arm. Movement initiation and termination is entirely sensor driven. In this article, the dynamic architecture was changed in order to cope with unreliable sensor information by including this information in the vector field. We apply this architecture to generate timed trajectories for a Puma arm which must catch a moving ball before it falls over a table, and return to a reference position thereafter. Sensory information is provided by a camera mounted on the ceiling over the robot. We demonstrate that the implemented decisionmechanism is robust to noisy sensorial information. Further, a flexible behavior is achieved. Flexibility means that if the sensorial context changes such that the previously generated sequence is no longer adequate, a new sequence of behaviors, depending on the point at which the changed occurred and adequate to the current situation emerges.
TypeConference paper
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:DEI - Artigos em atas de congressos internacionais

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