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TitleAn adjective selection personality assessment method using gradient boosting machine learning
Author(s)Fernandes, Bruno
González-Briones, Alfonso
Novais, Paulo
Calafate, Miguel
Analide, Cesar
Neves, José
KeywordsMachine Learning
personality assessment
gradient boosting
Affective Computing
Issue date21-May-2020
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationFernandes, B.; González-Briones, A.; Novais, P.; Calafate, M.; Analide, C.; Neves, J. An Adjective Selection Personality Assessment Method Using Gradient Boosting Machine Learning. Processes 2020, 8, 618.
Abstract(s)Goldberg’s 100 Unipolar Markers remains one of the most popular ways to measure personality traits, in particular, the Big Five. An important reduction was later preformed by Saucier, using a sub-set of 40 markers. Both assessments are performed by presenting a set of markers, or adjectives, to the subject, requesting him to quantify each marker using a 9-point rating scale. Consequently, the goal of this study is to conduct experiments and propose a shorter alternative where the subject is only required to identify which adjectives describe him the most. Hence, a web platform was developed for data collection, requesting subjects to rate each adjective and select those describing him the most. Based on a Gradient Boosting approach, two distinct Machine Learning architectures were conceived, tuned and evaluated. The first makes use of regressors to provide an exact score of the Big Five while the second uses classifiers to provide a binned output. As input, both receive the one-hot encoded selection of adjectives. Both architectures performed well. The first is able to quantify the Big Five with an approximate error of 5 units of measure, while the second shows a micro-averaged f1-score of 83%. Since all adjectives are used to compute all traits, models are able to harness inter-trait relationships, being possible to further reduce the set of adjectives by removing those that have smaller importance.
Publisher version
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CAlg - Artigos em revistas internacionais/Papers in international journals

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