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TitleSpain and Portugal 1492-1822
Author(s)Correia, Jorge
Tornel, Pablo González
Issue date2020
PublisherBloomsbury Publishing
CitationCorreia, Jorge , and Pablo González Tornel. "Spain and Portugal, 1492–1822." Sir Banister Fletcher’s Global History of Architecture. Ed. Murray Fraser .. London: © the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) and the University of London, 2019. Bloomsbury Architecture Library. Web. 3 Feb. 2020. <>.
Abstract(s)Politics, economy, religion and art set intertwined paths between the 1400s and the early 1800s in the Iberian Peninsula. While the Habsburg dynasty was central for the Humanistic flourishing of Spain, the Avis dynasty established the transition from Middle to Early Modern Ages in Portugal. By the mid-sixteenth century, conditions were set for the circulation of expertise and the production of pure Renaissance structures. Yet, the strong presence of the ecclesiastical power, through Inquisition and Counter-Reformation, and its austere design of buildings that avoided ornamentation, refrained architecture from evolving towards an international Mannerist assumption. Nevertheless, both dynasties were responsible for an overseas expansion that homed in fame and resources. These would be central for an explosion of Baroque creativity by the late-1600s and during the eighteenth century, when non-canonical forms and intensive adornment would punctuate the spatial scene of Spain, Portugal and their colonies. Eventually, Academicism and Enlightenment, as well as the Napoleonic invasions, would challenge the absolutist regimes and open the way to nineteenth-century political changes and the return of classical language.
TypeBook part
AccessRestricted access (UMinho)
Appears in Collections:EA - Livros e Capítulos de Livros
Lab2PT - Capítulos de Livros/Book Chapters
Lab2PT - Capítulos de Livros/Book Chapters

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