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TitleAu-WO3 nanocomposite coatings for localized surface plasmon resonance sensing
Author(s)Figueiredo, Nuno M.
Vaz, F.
Cunha, Luís
Cavaleiro, Albano
Keywordslocalized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) sensing
Au-WO3 nanocomposites
Au nanoparticles
refractive index sensitivity
optical properties
Au-WO nanocomposites 3
Issue date2020
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationFigueiredo, N.M.; Vaz, F.; Cunha, L.; Cavaleiro, A. Au-WO3 Nanocomposite Coatings for Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensing. Materials 2020, 13, 246.
Abstract(s)Localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) gas sensors are gaining increasing importance due to their unique tuneable functional properties. Au-WO<sub>3−x</sub> nanocomposite coatings, in particular, can be outstandingly sensitive to many different gases. However, a proper understanding of their optical properties and the way in which those properties are correlated to their structure/microstructure, is still needed. In this work, Au-WO<sub>3</sub> nanocomposite coatings, with Au contents between 0–11 atomic percent, were grown using reactive magnetron co-sputtering technique and were characterized concerning their optical response. The precipitation of Au nanoparticles in the oxide matrix was promoted through thermal annealing treatments until 500 °C. Along with the Au nanoparticles’ morphological changes, the annealing treatments stimulated the crystallization of WO<sub>3</sub>, together with the appearance of oxygen-deficient WO<sub>3−x</sub> phases. Through theoretical simulations, we have related the LSPR effect with the different structural and morphological variations (namely, size and distribution of the nanoparticles and their local environment), which were a function of the Au content and annealing temperature. Our results suggest that local voids were present in the vicinity of the Au nanoparticles, for all temperature range, and that they should be present in a wide variety of Au-WO<sub>3</sub> nanocomposites. A theoretical study concerning the refractive index sensitivity was carried out in order to predict the optimal coating design parameters for gas sensing experiments.
Publisher version
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CDF - GRF - Artigos/Papers (with refereeing)

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