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TitleAmbivalence predicts symptomatology in cognitive-behavioral and narrative therapies: an exploratory study
Author(s)Braga, Catia
Ribeiro, Antonio P.
Sousa, Inês
Gonçalves, Miguel M.
ambivalence coding system
ambivalence resolution
poor outcome predictors
innovative moments
Issue date29-May-2019
PublisherFrontiers Media
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Abstract(s)Background: The identification of poor outcome predictors is essential if we are to prevent therapeutic failure. Ambivalence - defined as a conflictual relationship between two positions of the self: one favoring change and another one favoring problematic stability - has been consistently associated with poor outcomes. However, the precise relationship between ambivalence and clients' symptomatology remains unclear.Objective: This study aims at assessing ambivalence's power to predict symptomatology, using a longitudinal design.Methods: The complete 305 sessions of 16 narrative and cognitive-behavioral cases have been analyzed with the Ambivalence Coding System and outcome measures have been used for each session.Results: Ambivalence emerged as a significant predictor of subsequent symptomatology suggesting that ambivalence is not only related to treatment outcomes, but that it represents a strong predictor of subsequent symptomatology.Discussion: The implications of ambivalence's power to predict outcomes for research and clinical practice are discussed.
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CIPsi - Artigos (Papers)

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