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TitleSilicon-incorporated diamond-like coatings for Si3N4 mechanical seals
Author(s)Camargo Junior, S. S.
Gomes, J. R.
Carrapichano, J. M.
Silva, R. F.
Achete, C. A.
KeywordsAmorphous silicon carbide
Diamond-like carbon films
Si3N4 rings
Si N rings 3 4
Issue dateNov-2005
JournalThin solid films
Citation"Thin solid films". ISSN 0040-6090. 482:2 (Nov. 2005) 221-225.
Abstract(s)Amorphous silicon carbide (a-SiC) and silicon-incorporated diamond-like carbon films (DLC-Si) were evaluated as protective and friction reduction coatings onto Si3N4 rings. Unlubricated tribological tests were performed with a pin-on-disk apparatus against stainless steel pins with loads ranging from 3 N to 55 N and sliding velocities from 0.2 m/s to 1.0 m/s under ambient air and 50-60% relative humidity. At the lowest loads, a-SiC coatings present a considerable improvement with respect to the behavior of uncoated disks since the friction coefficient is reduced to about 0.2 and the system is able to run stably for thousands of meters. At higher loads, however, a-SiC coatings fail. DLC-Si coated rings, on the other hand, presented for loads up to 10 N a steady state friction coefficient below 0.1 and very low wear rates. The lowest steady-state mean friction coefficient value of only 0.055 was obtained with a sliding velocity of 0.5 m/s. For higher loads in the range of 20 N the friction coefficient drops to values around 0.1 but no steady state is reached. For the highest loads of over 50 N a catastrophic behavior is observed. Typically, wear rates below 5 x 10-6 mm3/N.m and 2 x 10-7 mm3/N.m were obtained for the ceramic rings and pins, respectively, with a load of 10 N and a sliding velocity of 0.5 m/s. Analysis of the steel pin contact surface by SEM-EDS and Auger spectroscopy revealed the formation of an adherent tribo-layer mainly composed by Si, C and O. The unique structure of DLC-Si films is thought to be responsible for the formation of the tribo-layer.
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CIICS - Artigos em revistas de circulação internacional com arbitragem científica

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