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TitleFunctional analysis and antivirulence properties of a new depolymerase from a myovirus that infects Acinetobacter baumannii capsule K45
Author(s)Oliveira, Hugo Alexandre Mendes
Costa, Ana Rita Martins
Ferreira, Alice Maria Fernandes
Konstantinides, Nico
Santos, Sílvio Roberto Branco
Boon, Maarten
Noben, Jean-Paul
Lavigne, Rob
Azeredo, Joana
KeywordsAcinetobacter baumannii
Issue date2019
PublisherAmerican Society for Microbiology (ASM)
JournalJournal of Virology
CitationOliveira, Hugo; Costa, Ana Rita; Ferreira, A.; Konstantinidis, Nico; Santos, Sílvio B.; Boon, Maarten; Noben, Jean-Paul; Lavigne, Rob; Azeredo, Joana, Functional analysis and antivirulence properties of a new depolymerase from a myovirus that infects Acinetobacter baumannii capsule K45. Journal of Virology, 93(4), e01163-18, 2019
Abstract(s)Acinetobacter baumannii is an important pathogen causative of healthcare-associated infections and is able to rapidly develop resistance to all known antibiotics including colistin. As an alternative therapeutic agent, we have isolated a novel myovirus (vB_AbM_B9) which specifically infects and makes lysis from without in strains of the K45 and K30 capsule type, respectively. Phage B9 has a genome of 93,641 bp and encodes 167 predicted proteins, of which 29 were identified by mass spectrometry. This phage holds a capsule depolymerase (B9gp69) able to digest extracted exopolysaccharides of both K30 and K45 strains and that remains active in a wide range of pH values (5 to 9), ionic strengths (0 to 500 mM), and temperatures (20 to 80\textdegreeC). B9gp69 demonstrated to be non-toxic in a cell line model of the human lung, and to make the K45 strain fully susceptible to serum killing in vitro. Contrary to the phage, no resistance development was observed by bacteria targeted with the B9gp69. Therefore, capsular depolymerases may represent attractive antimicrobial agents against A. baumannii infections.IMPORTANCE Currently, phage therapy has revived interest for controlling hard-to-treat bacterial infections. Acinetobacter baumannii is an emerging Gram-negative pathogen able to cause a variety of nosocomial infections. Additionally, this species is becoming more resistant to several classes of antibiotics. Herein, we describe the isolation of a novel lytic myophage B9 and its recombinant depolymerase. While the phage can be a promising alternative antibacterial agent, its success in the market will ultimately depend on new regulatory frameworks and general public acceptance. We therefore characterised the phage-encoded depolymerase which is a natural enzyme that can be more easily managed and used. To our knowledge, the therapeutic potential of phage depolymerase against A. baumannii is still unknown. We show for the first time that K45 capsule type is an important virulence factor of A. baumannii and that capsule removal via the recombinant depolymerase activity helps the host immune system to combat the bacterial infection.
Publisher version
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CEB - Publicações em Revistas/Séries Internacionais / Publications in International Journals/Series

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