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dc.contributor.authorMachado, Helenapor
dc.contributor.authorSilva, Susanapor
dc.identifier.citationMachado, H. & Silva, S. (2019). What influences public views on forensic DNA testing in the criminal field? A scoping review of quantitative evidence. Human Genomics, 13(23), 1-13.por
dc.description.abstractBackground: Forensic DNA testing is a powerful tool used to identify, convict, and exonerate individuals charged of criminal offenses, but there are different views on its benefits and risks. Knowledge about public views on forensic DNA testing applied in the criminal field is socially valuable to practitioners and policymakers. This paper aims to synthesize quantitative evidence about the factors that influence public views on forensic DNA testing in the criminal field. Based on a systematic search conducted in January 2019, a scoping review was performed, targeting studies presenting original empirical data that were indexed in Web of Science and PubMed. The two authors performed eligibility and data extraction. Results: The 11 studies were conducted mainly in European countries (Italy, Portugal, Serbia, Spain, Switzerland) and the remaining derived from the USA and New Zealand. Non-representative samples were mostly used to explore the benefits and risks of criminal DNA databases, criteria for insertion and retention of DNA samples and profiles, knowledge, willingness to donate a DNA sample, and custody. The value of forensic DNA databases in protecting society from crime was emphasized. Concerns about improper access to forensic genetic data and risks to civil liberties associated with its uses were expressed. The scarce literature on Forensic DNA Phenotyping and familial searching revealed the same trend of positively valuing forensic DNA testing. Only factors related with socioeconomic position were assessed by more than two studies. Results suggested that public views on forensic DNA testing are influenced by the level of education, age, and exposure to law enforcement occupations although not in a straightforward manner. Conclusion: Further empirical research should assess standardized factors related with social and structural levels (e.g., scientific literacy, public trust in the justice system and concerns about victimization or police activity) and be performed in different national jurisdictions to enable generalization and comparison of findings. It is needed to expand empirical studies on public views about the commercialization of forensic science and the use of recent controversial techniques and new transparency and accountability models.por
dc.description.sponsorshipEuropean Research Council. The following grants supported the design of the study and collection, analysis, and interpretation of data and the writing of the manuscript: funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (grant agreement No. [648608]), within the project “EXCHANGE – Forensic geneticists and the transnational exchange of DNA data in the EU: Engaging science with social control, citizenship and democracy”, led by Helena Machado and hosted by the Institute for Social Sciences and CECS (Communication and Society Research Centre) at the University of Minho (Portugal) and funding from the Foundation for Science and Technology – FCT (Portuguese Ministry of Science, Technology and Higher Education), the Operational Programme Human Capital (POCH), Portugal 2020, and the European Union, through European Social Fund, under the Unidade de Investigação em Epidemiologia - Instituto de Saúde Pública da Universidade do Porto (EPIUnit) (POCI-01- 0145-FEDER-006862; Ref. FCT UID/DTP/04750/2013) and the FCT Investigator contract IF/01674/2015 (Susana Silva).por
dc.subjectDNA profilingpor
dc.subjectDNA databasespor
dc.subjectDNA fingerprintingpor
dc.subjectForensic geneticspor
dc.subjectPublic opinionpor
dc.titleWhat influences public views on forensic DNA testing in the criminal field? A scoping review of quantitative evidencepor
dc.subject.fosCiências Sociais::Sociologiapor
dc.subject.wosScience & Technologypor
sdum.journalHuman Genomicspor
Appears in Collections:CECS - Artigos em revistas internacionais / Articles in international journals

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