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dc.contributor.authorHaie, Naimpor
dc.contributor.authorFreitas, Miguel Rodriguespor
dc.contributor.authorPereira, Joana Castropor
dc.identifier.citationHaie N., Freitas M. R., Pereira J. C. Integrating Water Footprint and Sefficiency: Overcoming Water Footprint Criticisms and Improving Decision Making, Water Alternatives, Vol. 11, Issue 3, pp. 933-956, 1965-0175, 2018por
dc.description.abstractThe Water Footprint Network (WFN) methodology has emerged as a major framework of/for policy analysis as water problems increase. Being addressed by a growing body of literature, water footprint (WF) accounting has advanced substantially in recent years, whereas its sustainability assessment has lagged behind. For this and other reasons, the suitability of WF in guiding water management and planning has been criticised. Simultaneously, water efficiency has gone through much discussion and a new framework called 'sefficiency' (sustainable efficiency) has been presented. It uses a universal law (water balance) to develop systemic and comprehensive performance indicators, integrating water quantity, pollution and value to reveal their trade-offs in multi-level governance with climate descriptors and stakeholder enablers. This article revisits WF criticisms in six categories and advances the sustainability assessment phase of the WFN framework via sefficiency. Starting from, and critically reviewing, a two-country example presented by Dennis Wichelns, we illustrate, through nine (3x3) scenarios, real possibilities of integrating WF and sefficiency. The results reveal that economic and/or WF perspectives alone are insufficient to improve water decision-making processes, not necessarily guaranteeing an increase in the performance of the full system. Consequently, policy makers should be doubly careful about, for example, WF reductions, if sefficiency also decreases.por
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was partially financed by the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT) under the contract UID/ECI/04047/2013 for the Centre of Territory, Environment and Construction (CTAC) of the University of Minho. We would like to extend our appreciation to the editors of the journal and the two anonymous reviewers.por
dc.publisherWater Alternatives Associationpor
dc.rightsembargoedAccess (1 Year)por
dc.subjectSefficiency (Sustainable efficiency)por
dc.subjectVirtual water tradepor
dc.subjectWater footprintpor
dc.subjectWater policiespor
dc.subjectWater resources managementpor
dc.titleIntegrating water footprint and sefficiency: overcoming water footprint criticisms and improving decision makingpor
oaire.citationTitleWater Alternatives-
dc.subject.wosScience & Technologypor
sdum.journalWater Alternativespor
Appears in Collections:C-TAC - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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