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|Title:||Silk‐Based antimicrobial polymers as a new platform to design drug‐free materials to impede microbial infections|
|Author(s):||Franco, Albina Ribeiro|
Kimmerling, E. P.
Leonor, I. B.
Reis, R. L.
Kaplan, D. L.
Bioengineered silk proteins
|Citation:||Franco A. R., Kimmerling E. P., Silva C., Rodrigues F., Leonor I. B., Reis R. L., Kaplan D. L. Silk‐Based Antimicrobial Polymers as a New Platform to Design Drug‐Free Materials to Impede Microbial Infections, Macromolecular Bioscience, doi:10.1002/mabi.201800262, 2018.|
|Abstract(s):||Surgical site infections (SSI) represent a serious health problem that occur after invasive surgery, thus new antimicrobial biomaterials able to prevent SSI are needed. Silks are natural biopolymers with excellent biocompatibility, low immunogenicity and controllable biodegradability. Spider silkbased materials can be bioengineered and functionalized with specific peptides, such as antimicrobial peptides, creating innovative polymers. Herein, we explored new drugfree multifunctional silk films with antimicrobial properties, specifically tailored to hamper microbial infections. Different spider silk domains derived from the dragline sequence of the spider Nephila clavipes (6mer and 15mer, 27 and 41 kDa proteins, respectively) were fused with the two antimicrobial peptides, Hepcidin (Hep) and Human Neutrophil peptide 1 (HNP1). The selfassembly features of the spider silk domains (sheets) were maintained after functionalization. The bioengineered 6merHNP1 protein demonstrated inhibitory effects against microbial pathogens. Silkbased films with 6merHNP1 and different contents of silk fibroin (SF) significantly reduced bacterial adhesion and biofilm formation, whereas higher bacterial counts were found on the films prepared with 6mer or SF alone. The silkbased films showed no cytotoxic effects on human foreskin fibroblasts. The positive cellular response, together with structural and antimicrobial properties, highlight the potential of these multifunctional silkbased films as new materials for preventing SSI.|
|Access:||Embargoed access (1 Year)|
|Appears in Collections:||3B’s - Artigos em revistas/Papers in scientific journals|
CEB - Publicações em Revistas/Séries Internacionais / Publications in International Journals/Series
ICVS - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais com Referee
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