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TitleEvidence for lack of direct causality between pain and affective disturbances in a rat peripheral neuropathy model
Author(s)Guimarães, Marco Rafael Machado
Soares, Ana R.
Cunha, Ana M.
Esteves, Madalena
Borges, Sónia
Magalhães, Ricardo José Silva
Moreira, Pedro Miguel Silva
Rodrigues, Ana J.
Sousa, Nuno
Almeida, Armando
Leite-Almeida, Hugo
KeywordsPeripheral neuropathy
Neuropathic pain
Issue date28-Nov-2018
JournalGenes, Brain and Behavior
Abstract(s)Chronic pain is frequently accompanied by the manifestation of emotional disturbances and cognitive deficits. While a causality relation between pain and emotional/cognitive disturbances is generally assumed, several observations suggest a temporal dissociation and independent mechanisms. We therefore studied Sprague-Dawley rats that presented a natural resistance to pain manifestation in a neuropathy model (spared nerve injury [SNI]) and compared their performance in a battery of behavioral paradigms-anxiety, depression and fear memory-with animals that presented a pain phenotype. Afterward, we performed an extensive volumetric analysis across prefrontal, orbitofrontal and insular cortical areas. The majority of SNI animals manifested mechanical allodynia (low threshold [LT]), but 13% were similar to Sham controls (high threshold [HT]). Readouts of spontaneous hypersensivity (paw flinches) were also significantly reduced in HT and correlated with allodynia. To increase the specificity of our findings, we segregated the SNI animals in those with left (SNI-L) and right (SNI-R) lesions and the lack of association between pain and behavior still remains. Left-lesioned animals, independent of the LT or HT phenotype, presented increased anxiety-like behaviors and decreased well-being. In contrast, we found that the insular cortex (agranular division) was significantly smaller in HT than in LT. To conclude, pain and emotional disturbances observed following nerve injury are to some extent segregated phenomena. Also, HT and LT SNI presented differences in insular volumes, an area vastly implicated in pain perception, suggesting a supraspinal involvement in the manifestation of these phenotypes.
Description[Epub ahead of print]
AccessembargoedAccess (1 Year)
Appears in Collections:ICVS - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais com Referee

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