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TitleIdentification of rare de novo epigenetic variations in congenital disorders
Author(s)Barbosa, Mafalda
Joshi, Ricky S.
Garg, Paras
Martin-Trujillo, Alejandro
Patel, Nihir
Jadhav, Bharati
Watson, Corey T.
Gibson, William
Chetnik, Kelsey
Tessereau, Chloe
Mei, Hui
De Rubeis, Silvia
Reichert, Jennifer
Lopes, Fátima Daniela Teixeira
Vissers, Lisenka E. L. M.
Kleefstra, Tjitske
Grice, Dorothy E.
Edelmann, Lisa
Soares, Gabriela
Maciel, P.
Brunner, Han G.
Buxbaum, Joseph D.
Gelb, Bruce D.
Sharp, Andrew J.
Case-Control Studies
Child, Preschool
Cohort Studies
Congenital Abnormalities
DNA Methylation
Datasets as Topic
Genome, Human
Infant, Newborn
Loss of Function Mutation
Middle Aged
Neurodevelopmental Disorders
Sequence Analysis, DNA
Sequence Analysis, RNA
Young Adult
Epigenesis, Genetic
Issue date2018
PublisherNature Research
JournalNature Communications
Abstract(s)Certain human traits such as neurodevelopmental disorders (NDs) and congenital anomalies (CAs) are believed to be primarily genetic in origin. However, even after whole-genome sequencing (WGS), a substantial fraction of such disorders remain unexplained. We hypothesize that some cases of ND-CA are caused by aberrant DNA methylation leading to dysregulated genome function. Comparing DNA methylation profiles from 489 individuals with ND-CAs against 1534 controls, we identify epivariations as a frequent occurrence in the human genome. De novo epivariations are significantly enriched in cases, while RNAseq analysis shows that epivariations often have an impact on gene expression comparable to loss-of-function mutations. Additionally, we detect and replicate an enrichment of rare sequence mutations overlapping CTCF binding sites close to epivariations, providing a rationale for interpreting non-coding variation. We propose that epivariations contribute to the pathogenesis of some patients with unexplained ND-CAs, and as such likely have diagnostic relevance.
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:ICVS - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais com Referee

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