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TitleMicrobial synthesis and transformation of inorganic and organic chlorine compounds
Author(s)Atashgahi, Siavash
Liebensteiner, Martin G.
Janssen, Dick B.
Smidt, Hauke
Stams, Alfons Johannes Maria
Sipkema, Detmer
Keywordschlorine cycle
chlorine oxyanions
Issue date12-Dec-2018
PublisherFrontiers Media SA
JournalFrontiers in Microbiology
CitationAtashgahi, Siavash; Liebensteiner, Martin G.; Janssen, Dick B.; Smidt, Hauke; Stams, A. J. M.; Sipkema, Detmer, Microbial synthesis and transformation of inorganic and organic chlorine compounds. Frontiers in Microbiology, 9(3079), 2018
Abstract(s)Organic and inorganic chlorine compounds are formed by a broad range of natural geochemical, photochemical and biological processes. In addition, chlorine compounds are produced in large quantities for industrial, agricultural and pharmaceutical purposes, which has led to widespread environmental pollution. Abiotic transformations and microbial metabolism of inorganic and organic chlorine compounds combined with human activities constitute the chlorine cycle on Earth. Naturally occurring organochlorines compounds are synthesized and transformed by diverse groups of (micro)organisms in the presence or absence of oxygen. In turn, anthropogenic chlorine contaminants may be degraded under natural or stimulated conditions. Here, we review phylogeny, biochemistry and ecology of microorganisms mediating chlorination and dechlorination processes. In addition, the co-occurrence and potential interdependency of catabolic and anabolic transformations of natural and synthetic chlorine compounds are discussed for selected microorganisms and particular ecosystems.
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AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CEB - Publicações em Revistas/Séries Internacionais / Publications in International Journals/Series

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