Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1822/57179

TitleCombined carbon and energy intensity benchmarks for sustainable retail stores
Author(s)Ferreira, A.
Pinheiro, M. D.
Brito, J.
Mateus, Ricardo
KeywordsEnergy consumption
Energy-efficiency
Food and non-food retailers
Sustainability Benchmarks
Benchmarks
Sustainability
Issue dateOct-2018
PublisherElsevier
JournalEnergy
CitationFerreira A., Pinheiro M. D., Brito J., Mateus R. Combined carbon and energy intensity benchmarks for sustainable retail stores, Energy, Vol. 165, Part B, pp. 877-889, doi:10.1016/j.energy.2018.10.020, 2018
Abstract(s)Retail stores are amongst the building typologies with the highest carbon (CI) and energy intensities (EI). However, previous studies have only explored the EI of food and non-food retailers. This study is the first of its kind to examine the link between CI and EI. Establishing the nature of this link will allow a deeper understanding of how to decarbonize the retail sector. Here, we hypothesised whether in retail low EI correlated with low CI and how corporate revenue affected these variables. ?Best practice? and ?conventional practice? benchmarks were then developed to assess retail buildings' sustainability. These represent missing and highly desirable tools in retail sustainable management. Average EI and CI of food retailers were twice that of non-food retailers (EI-548 vs 238?kWh/m2/y; CI266 vs 132?kg CO?eq/m2/y). The correlation found between EI and CI indicates that low energy consumption leads to low greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. CI variability resulted mostly of energy-efficiency strategies, of the energy production process and of GHG emissions from refrigeration systems. EI variability resulted mostly from store typology, volume and usage. The proposed benchmarks help to set energy and carbon reference performance levels in retail buildings and to stimulate best sustainable practice amongst retailers.
TypeArticle
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/1822/57179
DOI10.1016/j.energy.2018.10.020
ISSN0360-5442
Publisher versionhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0360544218320085
Peer-Reviewedyes
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:C-TAC - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
2898-AFerreira_MDPinheiro_JBrito_RMateus_Energy.pdf2,41 MBAdobe PDFView/Open

Partilhe no FacebookPartilhe no TwitterPartilhe no DeliciousPartilhe no LinkedInPartilhe no DiggAdicionar ao Google BookmarksPartilhe no MySpacePartilhe no Orkut
Exporte no formato BibTex mendeley Exporte no formato Endnote Adicione ao seu ORCID