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TitleThe intention-behaviour gap: An empirical examination of an integrative perspective to explain exercise behaviour
Author(s)Gomes, A. Rui
Gonçalves, A. Manuela
Maddux, James E.
Carnneiro, Luís
KeywordsTheory of Planned Behavior
Subjective Experiences
theory of planned behaviour
Issue date2018
PublisherTaylor and Francis
JournalInternational Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
CitationGomes, A.R., Gonçalves, M.A., Maddux, J.E., & Carneiro, L. (2018). The intention-behaviour gap: An empirical examination of an integrative perspective to explain exercise behaviour. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 16(6), 607-621
Abstract(s)This study tested the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) in conjunction with two sets of variables from the Health Action Process Approach (HAPA) and the Subjective Exercise Experience Scale (SEE) to predict exercise behavior. This study included 454 participants who exercised in a fitness center. We collected measures of the TPB (attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, and intention), HAPA (planning), and SEE (positive well-being, psychological distress, and fatigue) and assessed exercise behavior at a three-month follow-up. Structural equation modeling found partial support for the TPB model (explaining 10% of the variance in exercise behavior) and adequate fit indices for an adjusted model of the TPB that includes a positive well-being dimension (explaining 11% of the variance in exercise behavior). In sum, the original TPB partially predicts exercise behavior; when considered together with other predictors, limited evidence was found for its utility in explaining exercise behavior.
Publisher version
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CIPsi - Artigos (Papers)

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