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TitleA practical approach for identifications based on mycotoxin characters of Penicillium
Author(s)Paterson, R. R. M.
Venâncio, Armando
Lima, Nelson
KeywordsSubgenus Penicillium
Isoepoxydon dehydrogenase gene
Ochratoxin A
Dual nomenclature
Issue date2006
PublisherAsociación Española de Micología (AEM)
JournalRevista Iberoamericana de Micología
Citation"Revista Iberoamericana de Micología". ISSN 1130-1406. 23:3 (2006) 155-159.
Abstract(s)The taxonomy of the penicillia is unstable particularly in the important antibiotic-and mycotoxin-producing subgenus Penicillium. There are difficulties relating identifications to mycotoxin production. Also, the validity of dual nomenclature for pleomorphic fungi is under discussion increasingly. Patulin is an important mycotoxin produced by various fungi and has strict limits in the European Union. The mycotoxin and/or the isoepoxydon dehydrogenase (IDH) gene of the metabolic pathway have been assessed in 318 strains predominately of subgenus Penicillium. These data were used to classify the isolates. Subgenus Penicillium contained most of the IDH and patulin positives. The species and varieties in subgenus Penicillium which were associated with patulin detection can be reduced to one name, viz. Penicillium Pen p+ (p=patulin). This as been extended to other mycotoxin producing penicillia to indicate the scope of the scheme. The classification will lead to the number of taxa being reduced, while avoiding species names and hence dual nomenclature. Culture independent analysis of environmental samples is mentioned. The scheme could be used with advantage for other fungi.
AccessOpen access
Appears in Collections:CEB - Publicações em Revistas/Séries Internacionais / Publications in International Journals/Series

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